Dharan Sub-metropolitan City: A Thriving City in Eastern Nepal

Dharan sub-metropolitan city is a rapidly growing city in eastern Nepal. It is the third most populous city in the Eastern Development Region, after Biratnagar and Itahari. Dharan is located in the Sunsari district, on the banks of the Koshi River.

The city was founded in 1902 by the British Gurkhas. It was originally a small sawmill town, but it grew rapidly in the following decades due to its strategic location on the Koshi River. Dharan became a municipality in 1958, and it was upgraded to a sub-metropolitan city in 2017.

Today, Dharan is a thriving city with a population of over 170,000 people. It is a major commercial and industrial center, and it is home to a number of educational institutions, including the Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital and the Dharan Multiple Campus.

Dharan is also a popular tourist destination. The city is home to a number of historical and cultural sites, including the Dharan Durbar Square, the Dharan Clock Tower, and the Dharan Museum. Dharan is also a gateway to the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, one of the largest wildlife reserves in Nepal.

History

The history of Dharan can be traced back to the 19th century. In 1815, the British Gurkhas established a sawmill town in the area. The town was originally called “Dharan Sawmill”.

In 1902, the British Gurkhas built a fort in Dharan. The fort was built to protect the sawmill town from the local tribes. The fort was later used by the Nepalese army.

In 1958, Dharan was declared a municipality. The municipality was upgraded to a sub-metropolitan city in 2017.

Geography

Dharan is located in the Sunsari district of eastern Nepal. It is situated on the banks of the Koshi River. The city is surrounded by hills and mountains.

The climate in Dharan is subtropical. The summers are hot and humid, while the winters are mild.

Economy

Dharan is a major commercial and industrial center. The city is home to a number of factories, including textile factories, paper mills, and cement factories. Dharan is also a major agricultural center. The city is known for its production of rice, wheat, and vegetables.

Education

Dharan is a major educational center. The city is home to a number of schools, colleges, and universities. Some of the most notable educational institutions in Dharan include:

  • Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital
  • Dharan Multiple Campus
  • Dharan Academy
  • Dharan Model Higher Secondary School
  • Dharan English Boarding School

Tourism

Dharan is a popular tourist destination. The city is home to a number of historical and cultural sites, including:

  • Dharan Durbar Square
  • Dharan Clock Tower
  • Dharan Museum
  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

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